Get answers to the common questions about health insurance subsidy eligibility, how to obtain one, and how the use of a subsidy may affect your choice when selecting health insurance pans.
VIDEO: How do Obamacare subsidies work?
Video: How can I get an Obamacare subsidy?
The Affordable Care Act – also known as Obamacare – provides government subsidies to certain eligible consumers as of January 2014. The goal of these subsidies is to make individually purchased health insurance more affordable for households with annual income below thresholds specified by the law. These are some questions we’ve heard through our Customer Care Center – staffed with over 100 licensed health insurance agents – about this topic. Please note that a final determination of any consumer’s eligibility for a subsidy will be made by the government during the application and enrollment process.
QUESTION: How do I know if I qualify for a health insurance subsidy?
ANSWER: Consumers earning less than 400% of the federal poverty level (about $46,000 for a single person or $94,000 for a family of four) may be eligible for a government subsidy to help them buy coverage in 2014. Whether you receive a subsidy – and the amount of any subsidy you receive – may also depend on the cost of coverage offered in your area. To receive a subsidy, you must also be a legal resident of the United States, not incarcerated, and not eligible for other forms of minimum essential coverage (for example, coverage through an employer-based plan or through Medicare or Medicaid).
QUESTION: Where can I figure out what my subsidy will be?
ANSWER: To receive an estimate of any subsidy amount you may be eligible for, use the subsidy calculator provided at eHealth’s Affordable Care Act Resource Center. A final determination of your subsidy eligibility will be made by the government during the application and enrollment process.
QUESTION: If I qualify for a subsidy, will I pay less for my insurance or does the government send me a check?
ANSWER: If it’s determined that you are eligible for a government subsidy during the application and enrollment process, you will have the option to have your subsidy applied towards your health insurance premiums on a month-to-month basis or to claim it instead on your federal tax return. If you qualify for an additional subsidy to help lower your copayments and deductibles, those funds will be provided directly from the government to your health insurance company.
QUESTION: When applying for a subsidy, do I need to submit a tax form to prove my income?
ANSWER: Subsidies for this year are based on your modified adjusted gross income for the current year. You should use your best estimate of what your household modified adjusted gross income for the current year will be. Any discrepancy in the amount of subsidy you were due and the amount you actually received will be reconciled in your federal tax return.
QUESTION: What happens if I get a subsidy but don’t really qualify? Or what happens if my income changes after I’ve already received a subsidy?
ANSWER: If you applied and received a government subsidy this year, any amount you overpay or underpay will be reconciled when you file your federal taxes. If your income increases, you may have to pay the government back for all or a portion of the subsidies you received. The government will take what you owe out of your tax return, or you may have to write a check to the Internal Revenue Service. If you opted not to have your subsidy applied towards your monthly premiums but instead to get your subsidy when you file your income taxes, the correct subsidy amount will be determined when completing your tax return.
If your income changes mid-year, you have the option of going back to the government exchange (or the other site where you originally applied for your subsidy) to have your subsidy amount adjusted for the remainder of the year, based on your updated income information.
QUESTION: What if I’m offered coverage through my employer but it’s too expensive? Can I still qualify for a subsidy?
ANSWER: Generally, you cannot use a subsidy to pay for the cost of employer-based health insurance. You may be eligible for a government subsidy if your employer’s coverage is considered unaffordable (that is, if your share of your individual premium is more than 9.5 percent of your household income for the current year) or if it is considered inadequate (that is, if it covers less than 60 percent of the cost of covered benefits).
QUESTION: What if I still can’t afford subsidized insurance, are there other options?
ANSWER: If you’ve explored your options with a licensed agent and still cannot afford coverage even with a subsidy, double-check to see if you may qualify for Medicaid. The government health insurance exchange for your state can provide you with information on Medicaid coverage. Otherwise, if you go uninsured for more than three consecutive months in one year, be aware that you may face a tax penalty on your federal tax return in the amount of $95 per person or 1% of your income, whichever is greater. If you don’t earn enough money to be required to file a federal tax return, you will not be subject to a tax penalty.
QUESTION: If I get a health insurance subsidy, is that the same as being on Medicaid?
ANSWER: No. Medicaid is a government-sponsored health insurance program. By contrast, government health insurance subsidies are provided to qualifying consumers to help them purchase health insurance for themselves in the open market.
QUESTION: Do I get to keep my doctor if I get a subsidy?
ANSWER: The answer depends on whether your doctor is within your health plan’s network of accepted providers. If your doctor isn’t in the plan’s network, you’ll likely pay a higher amount towards your medical bills. In some cases, your plan may pay nothing at all when you visit an out-of-network doctor or hospital.
QUESTION: Can I choose from the same selection of health insurance plans if I get a subsidy?
ANSWER: No. Subsidies can only be applied to qualified health plans that are purchased through a government health insurance exchange or through a qualified online insurance marketplace partnering with a government exchange. Insurers are offering additional plans outside of exchanges which will still meet the coverage requirements of the Affordable Care Act, but these off-exchange plans are not eligible for purchase with a subsidy.
QUESTION: Where do I go to get a subsidy? Am I limited to my state’s government health insurance exchange?
ANSWER: Since subsidy determinations can only be made by the government, you will need to work with your state’s government exchange – or through a licensed agent or qualified online insurance marketplace partnering with a government exchange – in order to obtain a subsidy.
QUESTION: Can I get a subsidy through my local insurance agent?
ANSWER: If your local licensed health insurance agent has received the proper certification, he or she can help you enroll in a subsidy through the government exchange in your state.
QUESTION: Are subsidized insurance plans the same as unsubsidized insurance plans?
ANSWER: Health insurance plans are not subsidized per se. Rather, consumers meeting certain qualifications may be eligible for a subsidy when purchasing a plan. Qualifying consumers who want to use their subsidies to help cover the cost of health insurance will be limited to plans eligible for purchase with a subsidy. These plans are available through the government health insurance exchange in your state or through licensed agents and other websites authorized by the exchange to assist subsidy-eligible consumers.
Though some plans are eligible for purchase with a subsidy and others are not, all current health insurance plans are required to provide coverage for the same suite of “essential health benefits.” The degree of coverage may vary between “bronze,” “silver,” “gold,” and “platinum” plans. Plans offered through your state exchange may also be available off the state exchange for purchase without a subsidy. However, there are many ACA-compliant plans that are only available outside of government exchanges and only without a subsidy. These plans may differ from plans offered through an exchange – for example, in the scope of the provider network they offer.
QUESTION: If I’m eligible for a subsidy, am I required to buy an exchange plan? Can I choose an off-exchange plan instead and not use a subsidy at all?
ANSWER: Being eligible for a subsidy does not mean that you are required to use one. You can choose to forgo your subsidy and purchase an off-exchange plan instead. This is an individual decision and depends on your personal preferences. Things to consider include the amount of subsidy for which you qualify, and whether your preferred doctor is a participant in the provider network of any plan you may be considering. A licensed agent can help you understand your different options.